LungsRlife is a specialized clinic which involves focus on expert management of major conditions of Lungs. They are Flu, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Smoking related diseases. The clinic runs under the supervision of Dr. Prashant Saxena, HOD (Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine) & Senior Consultant (Critical Care) and team.
Most of the lung diseases are undiagnosed, as people ignore or not aware of important symptoms such as breathlessness and productive cough.
What are the lung diseases?
What Is asthma
Asthma is a long-term lung condition that can be controlled easily in most of the cases, but one should remember that there is no permanent cure of Asthma. People with asthma have sensitive, inflamed airways that are more likely to react to triggers resulting in asthma attacks. During asthma flares-up, the muscles around the airways squeeze tight and along with airway swelling and mucus it becomes difficult to breathe.
What are the symptoms?
- Never forget to carry inhaler with yourself
- As you are aware about your allergies, be aware of them in this season
- Stay calm when the asthma triggers. During the winters this is specially applicable because extreme emotional arousal happens in winters. To keep a check on that you can try meditation or yoga
- Always try to breath from your nose.
THE TRIGGERS FOR ASTHMA ARE:
There are certain things that can set off asthma symptoms – these are known as triggers. Please remember that when a person’s asthma is well-controlled by following a individualized Asthma management plan, triggers are less likely to set off an asthma flare-up.
Some common asthma triggers include: Smoking, stress, polluted places, Perfumes, Flowers, animal fur ,certain Food items (chocolates, ice-cream), Cold and flu.
What the precautions against Asthma
Exercise and activity – Exercise can be an asthma trigger. Having good control of asthma symptoms allows people to live active healthy lives. Speak to your doctor and plan to manage your asthma while carrying out your usual activities, including exercise to keep you fit and well.
Medications for Asthma
There are 2 kinds of asthma medications
- a) Relievers: These provide immediate relief during asthma attacks.
- b) Controllers: These act on a long term basis on the airways to reduce swelling and spasm. It is important to remember that controller medications should be continued on a long term basis.Medications can be given either as inhalers or nebulisers. Make sure you are using properly – ask your doctor for more advice.
Ask your doctor to
- Show you how to use your asthma inhalers and devices
- Check that you are able to do it correctly with regular reviews.
Up to 90% of people do not use their asthma medication devices correctly
Why Quit Smoking Tobacco smoke contains more than 4000 chemicals out of which 40 are known carcinogens. Tobacco smoke is harmful to your body. Smoking nearly harms every organ of the body. Smoking is the primary cause of Emphysema, Lung cancer, Chronic Bronchitis and COPD. Smoking also makes the body more susceptible and defenseless against infectious respiratory diseases such as Tuberculosis. Smoking also increases the risk of stroke and heart attack.
How to quit Smoking? Once and for all!
Consult your Pulmonologist/Chest specialist for a customized plan of care.
The American Heart Association advises the following steps to quit:
- Select a quit date: Choose a date within the next seven days when you’ll quit smoking
- Choosing a quit method: There are three ways to quit smoking. Choose the method or combination you think will work best for you.
“Cold turkey”: Just stop smoking all at once on your Quit Day. This method doesn’t prolong the quitting process.
Reduce the number of cigarettes you smoke each day until you stop smoking complexly. For example, if you smoke 20 cigarettes each day now, cut down to 10 per day for two or three days. Then cut down to five cigarettes for two or three days. On your Quit Day, stop smoking completely.
Smoke only part of each cigarette. It helps to count how many puffs you take from each cigarette and reduce the number every two or three days. On your Quit Day, stop smoking completely.
- Tackling withdrawal: There are also non-nicotine replacement medicines that can curb your withdrawal symptoms. Medicines are most helpful when they’re used correctly and combined with a behavior-modification program in supervision of a specialist.
- Quit on the ‘quit day: If natural ways to quit don’t help then the use of drugs can increase the chances of quitting greatly.
What is Flu?
It is a respiratory infection caused by a virus which usually infects pigs. The virus is highly contagious and can survive in the environment for days.
- Transmission: Swine flu is transmitted from person to person by inhalation or ingestion of droplets containing virus from people sneezing or coughing; it is not transmitted by eating cooked pork products.
- Symptoms: The symptoms of swine flu are similar to those of common flu like fever, sore throat,cough, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people may develop serious complications like pneumonia and respiratory failure.
- High Risk Population: People with chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, heart diseases, cancer and other immune-compromised conditions, adults more than 65 years old, children under 5 years of age and pregnant women are at higher risk.
What are the symptoms of Flu/Swine Flu?
The common symptoms of Flu are: Fever or feeling feverish/chills, Cough, Sore throat, Runny or stuffy nose, Muscle or body aches, Headaches, Fatigue (tiredness).Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.
What are the precautions?
- Get your Flu Vaccination today: As per Centre for Disease Control & Prevention recommendations, yearly flu vaccine is the best protection against the flu.
- If you get the flu vaccine, you are 60% less likely to need treatment for the flu.
- Getting the vaccine has been shown to offer substantial benefits including reducing illness, antibiotic use, time lost from work, hospitalizations, and deaths.
- Please note that Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) should not be used in place of getting a yearly flu shot
The Flu vaccine is readily available in our hospital For more details, please contact Mr. Siju @8010888249
- Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing. Cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve not your hands
- CLEAN YOUR HANDS after coughing or sneezing. Wash your hands with soap and water or clean it with alcohol rub
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands
- Avoid shaking hands & crowded places
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Maintain distance of arm’s length from those affectedfrom flu-like symptoms.
- If you are sick with flu-like illness, stay at home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except toget medical care or for other necessities.
- Practice other good health habits.
COPD (CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE)
What is COPD?
As per COPD foundation it is an umbrella term used to describe progressive lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis. This disease is characterized by increasing breathlessness.
Many people mistake their increased breathlessness and coughing as a normal part of aging. In the early stages of the disease, you may not notice the symptoms. COPD can develop for years without noticeable shortness of breath. You begin to see the symptoms in the more developed stages of the disease. That’s why it is important that you talk to your doctor as soon as you notice any of these symptoms of COPD.
What are the Symptoms?
- Increased breathlessness
- Frequent coughing (with and without sputum)
- Tightness in the chest
There are many risk factors which works behind COPD
- Smoking – People who have history of smoking, those can be current or former smokers. Everybody doesn’t get COPD but 90% of the smokers get COPD.
- Environmental factors – Long term exposer to harmful polluted air, can also lead to COPD. Heavy or long-term contact with secondhand smoke or other lung irritants in the home, such as organic cooking fuel, may also cause COPD.
- Genetic factors – Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be influenced by race, ethnicity, gender, and genetic factors. Limited data exist that compare COPD in different racial/ethnic groups; however, the available data suggest that differences in COPD may exist.